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Wire Gauge Table - Kingsing Machinery Co., Limited

2022-10-13 14:25:25 美工

American wire gauge (AWG), also known as the Brown & Sharpe wire gauge, is a standardized wire gauge system used since 1857 predominantly in North America for the diameters of round, solid, nonferrous, electrically conducting wire. Dimensions of the wires are given in ASTM standard B 258. The cross-sectional area of each gauge is an important factor for determining its current-carrying capacity.

Increasing gauge numbers denote decreasing wire diameters, which is similar to many other non-metric gauging systems such as SWG. This gauge system originated in the number of drawing operations used to produce a given gauge of wire. Very fine wire (for example, 30 gauge) required more passes through the drawing dies than 0 gauge wire did. Manufacturers of wire formerly had proprietary wire gauge systems; the development of standardized wire gauges rationalized selection of wire for a particular purpose.

The AWG tables are for a single, solid, round conductor. The AWG of a stranded wire is determined by the cross-sectional area of the equivalent solid conductor. Because there are also small gaps between the strands, a stranded wire will always have a slightly larger overall diameter than a solid wire with the same AWG.

In the American Wire Gauge (AWG), diameters can be calculated by applying the formula:

D(AWG)=.005·92((36-AWG)/39) inch.

For the 00, 000, 0000 etc. gauges you use -1, -2, -3, which makes more sense mathematically than "double nought." This means that in American wire gage every 6 gauge decrease gives a doubling of the wire diameter, and every 3 gauge decrease doubles the wire cross sectional area. Similar to dB in signal and power levels. An approximate but accurate enough form of this formula contributed by Mario Rodriguez is:

D = .460 * (57/64)(awg +3) or D = .460 * (0.890625)(awg +3).

Wire diameter calculations

The n gauge wire diameter dn in inches (in) is equal to 0.005in times 92 raised to the power of 36 minus gauge number n, divided by 39:

dn (in) = 0.005 in × 92(36-n)/39

The n gauge wire diameter dn in millimeters (mm) is equal to 0.127mm times 92 raised to the power of 36 minus gauge number n, divided by 39:

dn (mm) = 0.127 mm × 92(36-n)/39

Wire cross sectional area calculations

The n gauge wire's cross sercional area An in kilo-circular mils (kcmil)is equal to 1000 times the square wire diameter d in inches (in):

An (kcmil) = 1000×dn2= 0.025 in2 × 92(36-n)/19.5

The n gauge wire's cross sercional area An in square inches (in2)is equal to pi divided by 4 times the square wire diameter d in inches (in):

An (in2) = (π/4)×dn2= 0.000019635 in2 × 92(36-n)/19.5

The n gauge wire's cross sercional area Anin square millimeters (mm2)is equal to pi divided by 4 times the square wire diameter d in millimeters (mm):

An (mm2) = (π/4)×dn2= 0.012668 mm2 × 92(36-n)/19.5

Wire resistance calculations

The n gauge wire resistance R in ohms per kilofeet (Ω/kft) is equal to 0.3048×1000000000 times the wire's resistivity ρ inohm-meters (Ω·m) divided by 25.42 times the cross sectional area An in square inches (in2):

R(Ω/kft) = 0.3048 × 109 × ρ(Ω·m) / (25.42× An (in2))

The n gauge wire resistance R in ohms per kilometer (Ω/km) is equal to 1000000000 times the wire's resistivity ρ inohm-meters (Ω·m) divided by the cross sectional area An in square millimeters (mm2):

R(Ω/km) = 109× ρ(Ω·m) / An (mm2)

Tables of AWG wire sizes

Wire SizeSWGAWGBWG
InchMMSQMMInchMMSQMMInchMMSQMM
4/00.410.1681.0730.4611.68107.1450.45411.53104.411
3/00.3729.4570.1380.40910.4185.1120.42510.891.608
2/00.3488.8461.3750.3659.2767.4910.389.6573.138
1/00.3248.2353.1970.3258.2553.4560.348.6458.629
10.37.6245.6030.2897.3542.4290.37.6245.603
20.2767.0138.5940.2586.5433.5920.2837.2140.828
30.2526.432.1690.2295.8326.6940.2596.5834.004
40.2325.8927.2470.2045.1921.1550.2386.0528.747
50.2125.3822.7320.1824.6216.7630.225.5924.542
60.1924.8818.7030.1624.1113.2670.2035.1620.911
70.1764.4715.6920.1443.6610.520.1794.5716.402
80.164.0612.9460.1283.268.3460.1644.1913.788
90.1443.6610.520.1142.96.6050.1473.7611.103
100.1283.258.2950.1022.595.2680.1343.49.079
110.1162.956.8340.0912.34.1540.123.057.306
120.1042.645.4730.0812.053.30.1092.776.026
130.0922.344.30.0721.832.630.0952.414.561
140.0812.033.2360.0641.632.0860.0832.113.496
150.0721.832.630.0571.451.6510.0721.832.63
160.0641.632.0860.0511.291.3060.0651.652.086
170.0561.421.5830.0451.151.0380.0581.471.697
180.0481.221.1680.041.020.8170.0491.241.207
190.041.020.8170.0360.910.650.0421.070.899
200.0360.920.6640.0320.810.5150.0350.890.58
210.0320.810.5150.0280.720.4070.0310.810.515
220.0280.710.3950.0250.640.3210.0280.710.395
230.0240.610.2920.0230.570.2550.0250.640.321
240.0230.560.2460.020.510.2040.0230.560.246
250.020.510.2040.0180.450.1590.020.510.204
260.0180.460.1660.0160.40.1250.0180.460.166
270.0160.410.1320.0140.360.1010.0160.410.132
280.0140.380.1010.0130.320.080.01350.3560.995
290.0130.350.0960.0110.290.0660.0130.330.855
300.0120.3050.0730.010.250.0490.0120.3050.073
310.0110.290.0660.090.2290.0410.010.2540.05
320.01060.270.0570.0080.2030.0320.0090.2290.041
330.010.2540.050.0070.1780.0240.0080.2030.032
340.0090.2290.0410.00630.160.020.0070.1780.024
350.0080.2030.0320.00560.140.0150.0050.1270.012
360.0070.1780.0240.0050.1270.0120.0040.1020.008
370.00670.170.0220.00440.110.009


380.0060.150.0170.0040.1020.008


390.0050.1270.0120.00350.090.006


400.00470.120.0110.00310.080.005


American Wire Gauge (AWG) Cable / Conductor Sizes and Properties

AWGDiameter
[inches]
Diameter
[mm]
Area
[mm2]
Resistance
[Ohms / 1000 ft]
Resistance
[Ohms / km]
Max Current
[Amperes]
Max Frequency
for 100% skin depth
0000 (4/0)0.4611.6841070.0490.16072302125 Hz
000 (3/0)0.409610.40384850.06180.202704239160 Hz
00 (2/0)0.36489.2659267.40.07790.255512190200 Hz
0 (1/0)0.32498.2524653.50.09830.322424150250 Hz
10.28937.3482242.40.12390.406392119325 Hz
20.25766.5430433.60.15630.51266494410 Hz
30.22945.8267626.70.1970.6461675500 Hz
40.20435.1892221.20.24850.8150860650 Hz
50.18194.6202616.80.31331.02762447810 Hz
60.1624.114813.30.39511.295928371100 Hz
70.14433.6652210.50.49821.634096301300 Hz
80.12853.26398.370.62822.060496241650 Hz
90.11442.905766.630.79212.598088192050 Hz
100.10192.588265.260.99893.276392152600 Hz
110.09072.303784.171.264.1328123200 Hz
120.08082.052323.311.5885.208649.34150 Hz
130.0721.82882.622.0036.569847.45300 Hz
140.06411.628142.082.5258.2825.96700 Hz
150.05711.450341.653.18410.443524.78250 Hz
160.05081.290321.314.01613.172483.711 k Hz
170.04531.150621.045.06416.609922.913 k Hz
180.04031.023620.8236.38520.94282.317 kHz
190.03590.911860.6538.05126.407281.821 kHz
200.0320.81280.51810.1533.2921.527 kHz
210.02850.72390.4112.841.9841.233 kHz
220.02540.645160.32616.1452.93920.9242 kHz
230.02260.574040.25820.3666.78080.72953 kHz
240.02010.510540.20525.6784.19760.57768 kHz
250.01790.454660.16232.37106.17360.45785 kHz
260.01590.403860.12940.81133.85680.361107 kHz
270.01420.360680.10251.47168.82160.288130 kHz
280.01260.320040.08164.9212.8720.226170 kHz
290.01130.287020.064281.83268.40240.182210 kHz
300.010.2540.0509103.2338.4960.142270 kHz
310.00890.226060.0404130.1426.7280.113340 kHz
320.0080.20320.032164.1538.2480.091430 kHz
330.00710.180340.0254206.9678.6320.072540 kHz
340.00630.160020.0201260.9855.7520.056690 kHz
350.00560.142240.0163291079.120.044870 kHz
360.0050.1270.0127414.813600.0351100 kHz
370.00450.11430.01523.117150.02891350 kHz
380.0040.10160.00797659.621630.02281750 kHz
390.00350.08890.00632831.827280.01752250 kHz
400.00310.078740.00501104934400.01372900 kHz

AWG Notes: American Wire Gauge (AWG) is a standardized wire gauge system used predominantly in the United States to note the diameter of electrically conducting wire.The general rule of thumb is for every 6 gauge decrease the wire diameter doubles and every 3 gauge decrease doubles the cross sectional area.

Diameter Notes: A mil is a unit of length equal to 0.001 inch (a "milli-inch" or a "thousandth of one inch")ie. 1 mil = 0.001".

Resistance Notes: The resistance noted in the table above is for copper wire conductor.For a given current, you can use the noted resistance and apply Ohms Law to calculate the voltage drop across the conductor.

Current (ampacity) Notes: The current ratings shown in the table are for power transmission and have been determined using the rule of1 amp per 700 circular mils, which is a very conservative rating.For reference, the National Electrical Code (NEC) notes the following ampacity for copper wire at 30 Celsius:
14 AWG - maximum of 20 Amps in free air, maximum of 15 Amps as part of a 3 conductor cable;
12 AWG - maximum of 25 Amps in free air, maximum of 20 Amps as part of a 3 conductor cable;
10 AWG - maximum of 40 Amps in free air, maximum of 30 Amps as part of a 3 conductor cable.

Check your local electrical code for the correct current capacity (ampacity) for mains and in wall wiring.

Skin Effect and Skin Depth Notes: Skin effect is the tendency of an alternating electric current (AC) to distribute itself within a conductor so that the current density near the surface of the conductor is greater than that at its core. That is, the electric current tends to flow at the "skin" of the conductor. The skin effect causes the effective resistance of the conductor to increase with the frequency of the current.Themaximum frequency show is for 100% skin depth (ie. no skin effects).

Wire Gauge


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